Infertility is a common sexual problem that many couples today. In India, approximately 11 million people are faced with infertility regardless of their gender. Infertility in men and women has become a global concern due to the fact that it threatens human existence both today and in the future. The need to dictate the gender of the children born is a global issue because, in some countries, the number of girl babies born is more than the number of boys.
What is Infertility?
Infertility is a situation where a woman is unable to conceive despite having unprotected sex for seven months, using no birth control methods, and following the ovulation period. Infertility occurs in 12% of the women aged 16 to 43. Infertility also occurs in both men and women and the number of those affected by infertility increase each year.
Common cause of Infertility
Smoking, lack of physical exercises, Varicocele, and over-consumption of alcohol are the leading causes of infertility in men. In the case of females, PCOS, hormonal imbalances, blocked Fallopian tubes, menstrual problems, and improper diet are the leading causes of infertility
Treatment of Infertility
IVF treatment in India is the leading assisted reproductive technique used for couples to conceive. Infertility treatments are provided in different infertility clinics using IVF, IUI, ICSI, donor eggs, donor sperms, TESA, and the test tube method.
IVF Treatment vs IUI Treatment
In IVF, a doctor describes medications for couples that have failed to conceive. These stimulate hormones in order to bring about egg development in a woman. The chances for a woman to conceive through IVF are 41% considering the fact that she is younger. Women above 40 years require more cycles of treatment to conceive
The process of IVF
The eggs are retrieved from a woman and sperms from the man after which they are joined together in a dish to allow fertilization to occur. This happens in a laboratory
Once the embryo is formed, it is transferred back into the woman’s womb for further development.
The chances of conceiving
A woman holds 45 chances of becoming pregnant with only one cycle of IVF and that is why many couples go in for IVF
Intrauterine insemination is a simple technique of assisted reproduction. It requires the best sperm to be selected in a laboratory after which it is directly injected into the woman’s uterus. The chances of fertilization are increased in this technique since the procedure is performed at the woman’s time of ovulation.
When to go in for IUI
It is best when there is male infertility, especially with low sperm count and erectile dysfunctions
In case of inadequacy of funds, one can opt for IUI because it is cheaper
The chances of conceiving
A woman’s chances to conceive are increased by 21% in each IUI treatment cycle
The chances mainly depend on the type of infertility a couple is experienced with
IUI treatment is a minimally invasive technique and simple as well, but many couples end up requiring more treatment cycles to attain pregnancy. In addition, the number of babies born with IUI is less than those born by IVF
IVF treatment requires more treatments, tests, monitoring and money, but has got higher chances for a couple to conceive and keep the pregnancy to terms with one cycle.
The best technique to go in for can never be selected out of likeness since effectiveness depends on the age, type of infertility, treatment, and dedication.