When we talk about infertility in men and women, a gynecologist may have to take a day to thoroughly exhaust all the details about this major problem today. Women, especially are the victims of fertility due to a fact that they easily acquire STDs, suffer from trauma, and many times unaware about the different sexual issues that can occur in them. PCOS has been identified as the leading cause of infertility today, but a few of women out there can stand and explain what PCOS are.
PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a common condition where a woman’s hormones are out of balance which leads to the formation of cysts in her ovaries. These cysts are sacs filled with a fluid and though they may be uncancerous, they cause many problems in women including infertility. Most of the women grow small cysts that may disappear on their own, but in cases where they do not and enlarge over a period of time, they cause problems with ovulation hence infertility
The reason for PCOS is not direct as of now, but is widely suspected to be a genetically triggered disease plus due to hormonal imbalances. High insulin levels may also be a cause.
Diagnosis of PCOS
- A number of procedures can be performed like having an ultrasound to view the whole reproductive system.
- A doctor will ask you questions to weigh the possibility of cysts and pelvic examination is also conducted
- Tests to know the blood sugar levels are made
- A laparoscopy can be performed to detect the cysts
- Blood tests are carried out to measure the hormone levels in a woman
Knowing that a woman is affected by PCOS may be difficult, especially in the early stages. The signs and symptoms of PCOS occur in only 11% of the women who have them. This means that many may have them and they are unaware. The existing signs & symptoms are;
- Excessive hair growth on the face, legs, and the chest
- Inability to conceive despite having unprotected sex for a long time
- Irregular periods
- No periods
- Weight gain
- Pelvic pain
Treating and managing PCOS
There is no proper cure for PCOS, but PCOS treatment in India can be with injections or drugs to correct the hormones in the body. Diabetes medications can also be used to bring down the sugar levels in the body. A laparoscopic surgery can also be performed to burn the cysts in the ovaries and medications to ovulate are also provided. It should be known that PCOS treatment cost in India has no exact determinant. Different clinics charge differently depending on the treatment best for the patient
A proper PCOS management can also reduce the effects of PCOS. In the case of obesity, a woman is advised to cut down the weight. Regular exercises can help in this case and also in instances where a woman is not obese.
Having a good diet can help a woman and regular checkups