Is the HSG test Painful as Compared to the Period’s Pain?

Who Needs An HSG (Hysterosalpingogram)

An HSG test, short for Hysterosalpingography, is a special X-ray used to check if a girl’s or woman’s fallopian tubes are open and to see the shape of the uterus. This test is often done at an IVF centre in India to help doctors understand a person’s fertility. During the HSG test, a special dye is injected into the uterus, and X-rays are taken to track its path. If the dye flows through the tubes, it’s a good sign. This test is an important step at an IVF Centre in Punjab for those trying to start a family.

Is the HSG Test Painful?

The HSG test may cause some discomfort, but it’s not usually very painful. Throughout the examination, a distinct dye is introduced into the uterus to examine for potential obstructions in the fallopian tubes. Certain individuals may experience cramps or sensations akin to menstrual cramps. This discomfort is typically temporary and may differ from one person to another. Most people find the test tolerable.

HSG Test Side Effects

There are some possible side effects of the Hysterosalpingography (HSG) test:

  • Mild Discomfort:

In some cases, women might encounter mild cramps or discomfort during and after the procedure. However, this discomfort generally diminishes within a day or two.

  • Spotting:

It’s common to have light vaginal bleeding or spotting after the HSG test. This typically lasts for a short period.

  • Rare Complications:

In very rare cases, there could be complications such as infection or an allergic reaction to the contrast material used during the test. These instances are extremely uncommon.

How Long Does HSG Pain Last?

HSG is a medical test that lasts about 10 to 15 minutes. It involves a special dye being injected into a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes to check for any blockages or issues. The procedure may cause some discomfort, but it’s usually quick and provides valuable information for doctors trying to understand fertility or other reproductive health concerns.

Is HSG Painful Without Anaesthesia?

HSG is a procedure to check a woman’s reproductive system. It might cause discomfort, similar to intense period cramps, but anaesthesia isn’t commonly used. However, the level of pain can vary from person to person. It’s essential to discuss your concerns with your doctor and consider pain relief options if needed.

Is HSG Pain the Same as Period Pain?

HSG pain and period pain are different. HSG, a test to check the fallopian tubes, might cause cramps for a short time. Period pain is from your monthly cycle and can be more prolonged and uncomfortable. HSG pain is usually temporary, while period pain can last a few days. Both can be eased with pain relief, but they are not the same.

Will there be a Bleeding after HSG?

After the test, some women may experience a small amount of bleeding, similar to a light period. This is normal and usually stops within a day or two. If you have concerns or the bleeding is heavy, it’s a good idea to talk to your doctor for reassurance and guidance. After an HSG, it’s essential to take it easy and avoid strenuous activities for a day or two to help minimize any discomfort and allow the body to recover.


The HSG test is a crucial step in assessing a woman’s fertility. Dr. Sumita Sofat IVF Hospital, a trusted name in healthcare, offers this procedure in Punjab. It provides valuable insights for couples seeking ICSI Treatment in Punjab. Understanding the HSG test can help young students learn about the initial steps in addressing infertility issues.

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