What are fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous muscle tissue in the uterus, and these are referred to as myomas or leiomyomas. Fibroids occur when the single muscle cell in the uterus wall grows and multiply itself. Fibroids shape can change or uterus size and sometimes the cervix also. In most cases, the woman has more than one fibroid tumor but sometimes single fibroids are possible. If the fibroids result in symptoms or need treatment then it is given based on size, number, and location. Fibroids are of 3 main types and they are found in:
- Subserosal present in uterus outer wall (55%)
- Intramural is found in the uterine wall muscular layers (40%)
- Submucosal protrude into the uterine cavity (5%)
Fortunately, women diagnosed with this condition can get treatment by consulting the fertility expert at the best IVF centre in Punjab.
How much is the occurrence of fibroids?
Fibroids occur in women at the reproductive age for 20% of women. The main reason for uterine fibroids is not clear but there is evidence that it can be due to factors like hormonal changes, environmental factors, and genetics.
Can fibroids decline the fertility level?
Around 5 to 10 % of infertile women have fibroids. Fertility is affected depending on the location and size of the fibroids. However, most women with fibroids are not infertile. The woman and her partner must be evaluated so that the exact reason can be known and treatment is given accordingly.
How fibroids result in infertility?
- Changes in the cervix shape can affect the sperm count that can enter the uterus.
- Changes in the uterus shape can affect the sperm or embryo movement.
- Fallopian tubes get blocked by fibroids.
- They can impact the size of the lining of the uterine cavity.
- Blood flow to the uterine cavity can be affected which makes it difficult for the embryo to get attached to the uterine wall.
What happens to fibroids during conception?
The major concern in pregnancy is that the fibroid wall leads to increase chances of miscarriage or preterm birth. In many cases, the blood supply is affected which results in pain. If the problem gets worse then women need to be hospitalized.
Additionally, fibroids can change the baby’s position in the uterus. Your doctor will be able to tell you better how your condition can be managed and what will be best for you. Surgery is not necessary during pregnancy. If you are trying to conceive and have issues with fibroids then it is important to consult the fertility expert and she can tell you what treatment plan will improve your conception chances.