What can be the reasons, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of miscarriage?

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Miscarriage means losing the fetus before the 5th month of pregnancy

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The news of becoming pregnant leaves a woman and her family in ultimate happiness and all of them are on cloud nine when this news is known to them. Form that very day, extreme care of the mother to be is taken and she becomes the center attention of every family member. She becomes the most important family member and all the activities of the home revolve around her. However, due to some unforeseen circumstances, the woman is not able to sustain her conceived child and she loses her baby before his/her birth.

What is a miscarriage?

Miscarriage means losing the fetus before the 5th month of pregnancy. This is known as spontaneous abortion in medical terms because this abortion of the child is not deliberate and happens all of a sudden that is, spontaneously even before the would-be mother could realize.

The statistics report that nearly 50% of the women miscarriage even before they have discovered that they are pregnant and this ratio falls down to 15-20% in the case of discovered pregnancies.

Indicating signs of miscarriage

  • Bleeding ranging from light to heavy which does not stop
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cramps
  • Fever
  • Back pain
  • Weakness

Reasons for miscarriage

  • The miscarriage mainly happens when the unborn child is suffering from some chronic genetic issues and these issues do not bear any relation with the mother.
  • Other reasons could be an infection, hormonal issues, issues with immunity; expectant mother is suffering from some medical issues such as diabetes or thyroid, uterine abnormalities or physical problems of the mother.
  • A woman is more at risk of losing her child due to miscarriage if she is more than 35 years of age or has previously suffered from 3 or more miscarriages.
  • A woman may also lose her child in her womb if her cervix is not strong enough to hold the baby and this takes place in the second trimester of her pregnancy.

Diagnosis

The physician finds out miscarriage by a three-step procedure which involves a pelvic examination, an ultrasound test, and blood work to examine the miscarriage.

Treatment

If the miscarriage has taken place leading to the vacancy of the uterus, the process is completed there. However, this does not happen mostly and the uterus is not thoroughly empty. This means it has to be emptied which is done by a dilation and curettage procedure. With this, the uterus is dilated and the remains of the fetus or placental tissue are removed. Another option for removal of fetal and placental removal is medicines which are given to patients who have a stable condition and they do not want to get any surgery.

If at all she fails to conceive naturally, there are many IVF centers in India to help her with conceiving with the assistance of test tube baby treatment.

All in all, miscarriage is a situation that is totally out of the control of the woman and she cannot prevent in most of the cases.

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