What is PCOS and its Treatment

What is PCOS and its treatment

PCOS is quite common endocrine system disorder in the reproductive age of women. It is hormonal problem and basically caused by genetics or environmental factors. It is the main cause of female infertility.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome includes the Androgens hormones at higher level which are male hormones. Even in women with PCOS do not have as much as active insulin as it should be. Even the progesterone level reduces that lead to irregular periods.

Symptoms of PCOS

Symptoms for this disorder begins after puberty and can develop in later age generally women with disorder have missed or irregular periods due to lack of ovulating and even in some cases women have cysts in their ovaries. Other symptoms that trigger this disorder are

  • Excessive weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Unwanted hair growth on body parts like abdomen area, chest, face or arms
  • Thinning of hair can also be symptom for this problem
  • Inability to conceive naturally
  • Acne problem
  • Mood swings
  • Pelvic pain
  • Headache
  • Insomnia or poor sleep

Diagnosis and treatment

There is not as such special test for diagnostic problem. Doctor may ask you few questions about family history for this problem, medical history, skipped periods, and frequency of periods, hair changes or acne. Other than that there can be blood test for checking the level of blood sugar and androgen level. Even sonogram can be conducted to evaluate ovaries.

However treatment for this problem depends on wish of women to get pregnant or not?

Not planning pregnancy

If you are not seeking for pregnancy then birth control pills can regulate periods, lower down the level of androgens and even control hair growth and acne problem. But these hormonal pills must be taken with the advice of doctor.

Want to get pregnant even after PCOS

If you are seeking for getting pregnant then treatment can be different for you  as doctor try to regulate your ovulate with medication. Medicines like Clomiphene is the anti estrogen medicine that you are recommended to take in the first part of menstrual cycle  in case of ineffectiveness of this medicine doctor may add metformin to enable you to release ovulation.

Even after the ineffectiveness of both, doctors may recommend you Gonadotropins injections with FSH medication under the proper monitoring for ensuring the maturity of follicles at time not premature ovulation. During these medicines IVF specialist monitor your body’s response for hormones through ultra sound or some blood tests.