It is a condition that makes it harder for men to get their female partners pregnant. It is one of the most common conditions that many men suffer from. The leading cause of male infertility is the health of sperm.
A Gynae Doctor in Ludhiana diagnoses Male infertility with several tests. One of the essential examinations for male infertility is the semen analysis test. The doctor, after collecting the semen sample, sent it to the laboratory, where they assessed it for various factors, including the volume of semen, motility, semen count, and morphology. No sperm count or absence of sperm does not directly indicate that the man is infertile. Instead, it could point to a barrier to the production of sperm and its delivery.
If the doctor has recently conducted a semen analysis examination on you and you have received the report, you might wonder what that number actually means.
In this blog, we will discuss some of the terms that professionals generally use in the semen analysis report. Most of the time, the men undergo such examinations for test tube baby treatment.
Semen Ejaculate Volume
On average, a man generally produces 2 to 5 mL volume of semen at the time of ejaculation. In case the volume is low or absent. Then there are the following reasons for the problem.
- Failed emission: It is an inability to ejaculate.
- Incomplete collection: it is a partial collection of semen.
- Problems or absence of the duct that carries the spermatozoa.
- Short abstinence interval: It is engaging in sexual intercourse too often.
Spermatozoa concentration should generally be a minimum of 15000,000 per milliliter. In case The doctor notices the sperm count is lower than this, call it oligospermia. On the other hand, if there are no sperms present at all in the semen, they call it azoospermia.
If the sperm concentration is below 5000,000 per milliliter, they consider it severely low. Your sperm count can fluctuate regularly, and abstinence from sexual intercourse can also affect the sperm count.
Sperm movement or motility is also important as the sperm count. You can further divide sperm motility into total mortality (any movement) and progressive mortality (forward direction). Moreover, a healthy sperm should have a fast forward movement which will allow the sperm to swim to the desired destination (the female reproductive tract) And then fertilize the egg. Almost over 50% of sperm motility gives a higher chance of pregnancy. In case the mortality is lower than average, then the doctor calls it asthenospermia.
The shape and the size of the sperm are sperm morphology. It is basically the appearance of the sperms. The doctor examined the semen sample to check the percentage of sperm with a regular shape.
The doctor takes the shape of the sperm’s body, head, and tail into account. Or normal-looking sperm should have overhead and an extended tail. In case the sperm is not in a regular shape, then it might indicate the health of the sperm. Toxins, chemicals, and other problems can cause complications in the sperm due to exposure.