IVF: What is In-Vitro-Fertilization? In what cases IVF treatment is used?


What is IVF?

IVF is short for In-Vitro-Fertilization. IVF is an undertaking where fertilization is done through egg and sperm, in a controlled environment at the lab of the best IVF centre in Punjab. The sperm and egg can be of the partner or donors can be used.

If you are having trouble conceiving despite having unprotected sex and you are trying for over a year, then consult the gynecologist in Punjab.

 What are the possible cases when IVF is suggested?

Here are some of the situations, when IVF is the kickoff treatment for infertile couples.

     Infertility issues

     Fallopian tissues blockage and damage

     Embryo testing is used to prevent genetic conditions in children.

     Donated eggs or sperm are used to boost the chances for fertility.

     Fertility issue of male partners.

     Unsuccessful results through intrauterine insemination (IUI)


What is the IVF procedure?

With every patient, the result of the IVF procedure will vary. Here is the all-inclusive method of IVF for your understanding:

     Put an end to the menstrual cycle

We all know when a woman becomes pregnant her menstrual cycle is suppressed. For the IVF treatment, women will be asked to do the same. To do that, the women will take the drug which is given in the form of an injection or nasal spray for around 2 weeks.

     Increasing the egg count

The egg count will reach the maximum once the menstrual cycle is stopped. The hormonal injection is given named gonadotrophin for around 12 days. With this, the egg count will increase with time.

     Ontogenesis of egg

Here what we mean is egg maturation. The doctor will keep a check on your health to make sure you are given effective drug treatment. Apart from that, a vaginal ultrasound and blood test is conducted. Following egg retrieval, 34 to 48 hours, hormonal injection is given.

     Egg collection

Egg collection is done with the assistance of ultrasound. During the approach, a hollow needle is attached to collect eggs from ovaries. The entire process takes a few minutes and then embryo transfer is done. Womb lining is made strong by injection or gel.

     Egg fertilization

The sperm and egg are kept together in a cultured environment for 16 to 20 hours. The team will keep a close check on the entire process to make sure fertilization is done properly. The embryo is cultivated for around 6 days. The embryo will be selected for the further process. If you want to get pregnant in the future, then the remaining embryo will be frozen for future use.

     Embryo transfer

The final and step is the embryo transfer in IVF. The total number of embryos that can be transferred will be your choice or depending on your age, you will be told what is best for you. If the woman is above 40, then more than 3 embryos can be used.

Nevertheless, the doctors always prefer to go with single embryo transfer to reduce the likelihood of multiple births.