What is Azoospermia and the advancements made in treatment for male fertility?

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Azoospermia - Low Sperm Counts Don't Worry!

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The field of ART (Assisted Reproductive technology) has evolved a lot in the past several years.  In these cases, a semen analysis is done which helps in determining the required number as well as the quality of sperm which is required for the fertilization process. The problem arises because of low sperm count. In some cases, the sperm count is zero also.

What is Azoospermia?

When there is an absence of sperm in the semen fluid this condition is known as azoospermia. This effect the chances of the couple to conceive successfully. This means during ejaculation the sperm are not produced.

  • Pretesticular azoospermia: The testicles are actually normal but the body is not able to produce the sperm. This happens because of the low level of hormone.
  • Testicular azoospermia: The testicles are damaged which does not let the sperm to function normally.
  • Post-testicular azoospermia: The sperm is produced by the testicles but they cannot reach the woman’s reproductive tract.

Advancement in Treatment

When the male infertility is diagnosed there are various treatment options which can help the couple. In this case, IVF (In-vitro Fertilization) is used with ICSI. Firstly, the treatment of IVF is carried in which the women are given fertility injections (for 10 days) so that her ovaries can produce enough number of eggs. After that ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is performed in which single sperm is inserted into the egg which is retrieved by IVF treatment. Then they are kept for fertilization so that embryo is formed which can be transferred back to the woman’s reproductive tract.

Earlier the only viable option was donor sperm to treat the issue of infertility in male. As we have said some men face the issue of zero sperm and in some cases, the reproductive is either blocked or absent.

The procedure of TESA is really helpful as with this the sperm is obtained directly from where it is produced in the testicles. If everything goes well then further it can be used in IVF/ICSI. The process of TESA is actually performed one or two days before the egg is retrieved from the women’s reproductive tract. Along with TESA, ICSI is required because the testicular sperm is immature for fertilization.

The advancement in science and technology have really helped to make the effectively treat the issue. In some cases, MESA (Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) is used with IVF.  Your fertility specialist will guide you better which treatment option will suit you better.

This means that TESA with ICSI is really beneficial is treating the case of zero sperm count and also the live birth rate is around 40%.

In case, you want further information or want to consult the best fertility specialist you can visit our clinic. The doctors are highly experienced and trained. We make sure we provide the best treatment to the patients so that their problem is solved effectively.

 

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