Uterine Fibroids: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Options

All You Need To Know About The Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids is a condition that happens in and on the uterus during the years when a woman is ready for pregnancy and gives birth. It is a non-cancer tumor typically grown in and on the wall of the uterus. Often, people do not know they have uterine fibroids because this condition has no overt symptoms, such as a heavy and painful menstrual cycle, constant urination, pain during sex and more. 

Heavy menstrual may impact women’s fertility, which makes it difficult to get pregnant. If you are struggling with an abnormal menstrual cycle, visit the IVF Centre in Bathinda for proper diagnosis and treatment. Numerous reasons may affect the menstrual cycle, such as age, unhealthy dietary choices, drug abuse and more. It is paramount to know the exact reason for an abnormal menstrual cycle that helps you to get the right treatment. 

Uterine fibroids are a condition where tissue and muscles abnormally grow in and on the walls of the uterus. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous, and they may never convert into cancer. 


Many people do not know they have uterine fibroids. There are some symptoms: 

  • Heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle
  • Painful periods 
  • Constant  urination 
  • Pain during sex 
  • Back pain 
  • Constipation 
  • Irregular periods 
  • Pelvic pain 
  • Growing abdomen area


The exact causes of uterine fibroids are unrecognizable. However, according to healthcare providers, it may happen due to changes in hormones such as because two hormones, estrogen and progesterone, help the uterus lining thicken during periods that prepare for pregnancy. Often, fibroid happens during childbearing age. If you are facing frequent and prolonged periods, you must visit the Best IVF Centre in Kapurthala for a proper diagnosis.

Uterine Fibroids Tests 

Often, fibroids may be found during the pelvic exam; the Best IVF Centre in Gurdaspur doctors also take another test for confirmation, such as:

Pelvic ultrasound 

Expert uses the medical instrument that is inserted in the vagina. This procedure offers imaging of your internal organs. Experts determine and evaluate any changes in the uterus. Experts also figure the size and shape of the uterus. 

Lab tests

When a female struggles with irregular or abnormal bleeding during the menstrual cycle, then experts may take a blood sample to figure out the causes of the problem.  This test can help experts to determine other problems, such as blood disorders. 


MRI is an imaging test that is used to figure out the inner organ problem. This test can help experts to determine the fibroids in the uterus.  

CT scan 

Experts take CT scans to determine the inner organ issues. This procedure provides an image from several angles.  


In this test, experts insert the thin tube in the vagina to figure out the uterus wall and fallopian tube. 


This test makes it easier for experts to determine your uterus and fallopian tube condition when you are trying to get pregnant or if you struggle with heavy bleeding during periods. 


laparoscopy is also an imaging test in which experts closely examine the internal organs. 

Treatment Option 

When you struggle with uterine fibroids, experts offer treatment according to fibroid conditions.


Experts provide a medicine for hormones that control your menstrual cycle and also help to relieve pain. 

Surgery options such as 

  • Hysteroscopic: Hysteroscopic surgery is used to remove the fibroids from the uterus. In this procedure, an expert entered a thin tube through the vagina into the uterus and removed the fibroids. 
  • Laparoscopic: This procedure is also like the hysteroscopic but is used to eliminate the fibroids. This procedure is used when fibroids are stuck in the uterus wall. 
  • Robotic: When your uterine fibroids are large, an expert will provide a robotic procedure. 

If your uterine fibroids are small and do not show any symptoms, you may not be required to treat them. If it is bigger, then treatment is necessary. Because a larger fibroid may cause pain and discomfort, in rare cases, infertility can happen due to uterine fibroids. It is paramount to visit the IVF Centre in Punjab, Dr Sumita Sofat IVF Hospital.