What are the different Infertility risk Factors in females and males?

Risk factors of infertility - Dr. Sumita Sofat

What is infertility?

Infertility is explained as an inability to conceive a child even after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. There are several reasons behind this infertility condition, if a woman is trying to conceive at her 35, then there are chances of conception are too low.

Reasons behind infertility in both males and females:

In these conditions, you need to visit the specialist, so that you can get the proper check-up. After examination, your IVF specialist may recommend IVF treatment, because this is the best treatment to treat fertility issues. 

To know the risk factors of infertility, you need to understand what is a risk factor.

What is a risk factor?

A risk factor is explained as something, which makes a person develop the health condition. There are several risk factors of several health conditions, but the common is overage and certain poor lifestyle habits. Well, in this article we are going to tell you about risk factors for infertility.

Risk factors for infertility in both males and females


The woman is born with a limited number of eggs, which she released every month during ovulation. As she gets older her fertility declines because she is unable to produce healthy eggs. This is the same case with men because they are also unable to produce healthy sperm cells in old age. Due to these conditions, they are unable to conceive a baby and they need to go with infertility treatment.

Too much consumption of drugs

If you are a regular smoker or alcoholic, then you will surely experience several fertility issues. You may not know that drinking too much alcohol and smoking will lead you to hormonal issues. And hormones play an important role in conception, so you have to kick this habit as soon as possible. If you do not kick these habits, these will result in repeated miscarriages as well as tubal pregnancies. In males, the consumption of drugs is responsible for low sperm count.


Being overweight is responsible for several types of fertility issues. If you are not at an ideal weight, then it is too difficult to lead an active lifestyle. Being overweight affects your ability to produce enough hormones. So, you have to maintain a healthy weight if you are planning to conceive a baby.


Not enough physical activities and exercise directly contribute to obesity, so, you must practice physical activities, which are useful to reduce the risk of infertility.

Moreover, there are several other risk factors which contribute to infertility include-:

  • Irregular periods
  • History of sexually transmitted infection
  • Certain other health conditions too.

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