5 things you need to know about preeclampsia and high blood pressure during pregnancy.

5 Things You Need To Know About Preeclampsia And High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

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If you are lucky enough to conceive after the first few cycles, it is time that you get prepared for pregnancy. This period is marked by varied changes in the body. One of them could be raised blood pressure.

Preeclampsia – the condition in which a  pregnant woman experiences high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine is called preeclampsia. It may also be characterized by a low platelet count. Indications of kidney or liver trouble may also surface. It is known to show up after the twenty weeks of pregnancy have passed by. But it might set in earlier or even show up after delivery. It might progress into a much severe form which is called eclampsia. This condition could occur during pregnancy or after delivery. Seizures might also be seen in some cases.

Reasons for preeclampsia

It is difficult to point out any single reason for the condition but it might be attributed to heredity, problems with blood vessels or autoimmune disorders.

Risk factors

There are many factors which could create conditions for the development of the condition. If the female has more than one fetus in her womb, then she might suffer from this condition. Very early or late pregnancy is also a factor. Teens or women with age more than 35 are susceptible to it. Many women experience it due to it being their first pregnancy. Having a history of high blood pressure before getting pregnant,  being obese,  or having a kidney disorder might also increase the chances of the woman getting struck with preeclampsia.

Symptoms

If the pregnant woman is experiencing persistent headache, sudden weight gain accompanied by abnormal swelling in the face and hands, it might be preeclampsia. Changes in vision,  pain in the upper right abdomen might also show up. The doctor is likely to physically examine your blood pressure. He might also recommend going in for some urine and blood tests.

Treatment for preeclampsia

Treatment for preeclampsia

The most recommended treatment is the delivery of the baby as the condition sometimes subsides after delivery. If the condition is mild, then no treatment is given and the woman is told to wait for the delivery. Severe preeclampsia may be shown by changes in fetal heartbeat,seizures, fluid in lungs etc. Seizures or impaired kidney function may also be seen. If the blood pressure rises so high that it causes seizures, then intravenous medicines may be given to lower the blood pressure. Steroid injections may also be given to further the development of lungs in the baby. However,  the doctor will have to keep in mind the health of both,  the baby and the mother before arriving on a final decision for treatment.

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