Infertility is a bane to mankind. The couples who have been diagnosed with infertility face a lot of emotional problems and societal pressure. The reason for the same could lie in having a medical condition, genetic problems or problems with the reproductive capability in the male and female partner. Some people are diagnosed with the condition early in life. They are lucky as they have time on their side.
They can get themselves treated and still have time to plan a family. People over 35 may not be so lucky and might have to opt for IVF. If you are over 35, then consider visiting a doctor if you haven’t been able to conceive after six months of trying. People below 35 can set the deadline at 1 year for the same. Test tube baby in India is possible through the IVF technique.
Infertility-signs and symptoms
What are the Common Signs of Infertility in Women?
- Irregular periods
The menstrual cycle of the woman is usually 28 days long. But anything from 28 days to 33 days is considered normal. But if the periods are so irregular that it becomes difficult for the woman to estimate the next date, then there is a problem. The underlying reasons may be PCOS or hormonal problems.
2. Painful or heavy periods
Some cramping is normal during periods but if the woman experiences so much pain that it interferes with the daily activities of her life, it may point at something more serious. Endometriosis may be the root cause in such cases.
3. Absence of periods
The periods must follow a regular monthly pattern. If you have missed 2-3 periods without a pregnancy, you need to get it checked.
4. Signs pointing towards hormonal fluctuations
Signs of hormonal fluctuations in women can be used as a pointer towards fertility issues. Consult your doctor if you experience the following symptoms –
- Issues like acne and skin problems
- Low libido
- Hair growth on the face
- Hair loss and hair thinning
- Weight gain without any apparent reason.
5. Pain during sexual interaction
Many women think it is normal to experience pain during sex. However, it is not a normal thing. If you experience pain during sex, it might be an indication of hormonal imbalance or endometriosis.
What are the Common Signs of Infertility in Men?
1. Low sexual desire
If a man experiences low libido, then he might be having hormonal problems as there is a close association between hormones, virility, and fertility.
2. Pain or swelling in the testicle
Various conditions could cause pain and swelling in the testicles. It may be an indication of some underlying condition.
3. Erection problems
If the man has problems in sustaining his erection, then it might be due to low hormonal levels which could lead to infertility.
4. Ejaculation problems
This also indicates the problems that might occur in a successful conception in the future.