What are the risk factors that contribute to miscarriage?

What are the risk factors that contribute to miscarriage

Miscarriage is explained as the pregnancy loss due to the embryo or fetus death before 20 weeks of pregnancy. Studies have shown that various problems increase the risk of miscarriage. In this guide, we are going to mention them in detail so that you can take proper care of yourself during pregnancy.


Miscarriage is referred to as pregnancy loss due to the fetus or embryo death before the 20 weeks of pregnancy. Medically this is known as spontaneous abortion. If there is abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding along with pain and spasm of lower back muscles then there are chances of miscarriage. It is difficult to understand what is the exact reason for miscarriage. Ideally, it is best to follow all the recommendations given by our gynae. In case, you notice something unwanted or feel different during the pregnancy, then visit the gynecologist right away.

Reason of Miscarriage

  • The fertilized egg contains an abnormal number of chromosomes then it cannot be treated and this leads to miscarriage.
  • Uterus abnormality.
  • Blood loss and severe injury can lead to miscarriage.
  • Tubal pregnancy.
  • Loss of pregnancy can occur due to severe infection of the cervix, vagina, or uterus.

What are the types of miscarriage?

Miscarriage is of different types according to the condition which includes:

  • Threatened miscarriage
  • Complete miscarriage
  • Inevitable miscarriage
  • Incomplete miscarriage
  • Missed miscarriage

In case of incomplete miscarriage, there is no need for treatment. In other cases, there is a need to completely evict the pregnancy tissues from the uterus. The doctor can also prescribe internal medications. The tube is used for the aspiration which is inserted into the uterus and the rest of the tissues are taken out.

What are the most common risk factors?

  • Age

The women above the age of 35 are at increased risk of miscarriage. If the age is above 45 then the risk factor is around 80%.

  • Health problem

If the woman is having some kind of health issue like diabetes then the fetus is at increased risk.

  • Uterine or cervical problem 

If the uterus ahs abnormalities or cervix is incompetent then it can result in pregnancy loss.

  • Previous miscarriage

If women in the past had 2 or more consecutive miscarriage then the next pregnancy is also at high risk.

  • Trauma

Severe injury can also result in miscarriage.

  • Lifestyle preferences

If you smoke, drink, or use drugs then the women are at higher risk of having a miscarriage.

  • Excess coffee consumption

During pregnancy, if the women consume coffee in excess then it can result in miscarriage.

  • Infection

During pregnancy, if you have certain infections like bacterial vaginitis, HIV, chlamydia, or cytomegalovirus then the miscarriage risk is increased.

You can reduce the risk of miscarriage by simply paying attention to your health. For the right support, you should consult a medical expert right away.

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