A half of the women population in the world experiences ovarian cysts in their lifetime. Cysts vary in type, size, and symptoms and normally develop in the ovaries, which is one of the vital parts of the female’s reproductive system.
What are cysts?
Ovarian cysts are liquid-filled sacs that develop in the ovaries. They are normally painless and may cause no infertility changes when small, but they also worsen with time.
These cysts normally disappear with time and may appear again in some other women.
Hormones lead to follicular development in the ovaries that respond by producing eggs for fertilization. Every woman has two ovaries each located at the left and the right side below the abdomen.
- Hormonal changes (reduction in estrogen and progesterone) or increase in male hormones
- Genetic factors
- A severe pelvic infection
Ovarian Cysts (Types)
The different types of cysts can be categorized into the following;
Dermoid cysts– these are sac-like growths that develop on the ovaries with hair, fat, and tissue. These gradually develop.
Corpus luteum cysts– after releasing an egg, a follicle must dissolve and close, but if it fails, a liquid is formed within a sac hence forming cysts.
Follicle cysts– a follicle (sac) is monthly formed to provide an egg for fertilization after releasing it. If the follicles fail to open, this can cause the liquid inside to form a cyst.
Endometriomas– these are cysts that grow outside the uterine lining or on the ovaries.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian cysts normally cause no symptoms, unless the immune system fails to eliminate them. However, the following are the symptoms of developed cysts;
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Breast tenderness
- Severe or sharp pelvic pain
- Increased menstrual pain
- Painful bowel movements
- Pain in the lower back
- Pain in the thighs
The above-mentioned symptoms may become severe, leading to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, a situation where the ovaries consist of big and an increased number cysts. This normally culminates into female infertility.
Ovarian Cysts Diagnosis
A fertility expert or a gynecologist can ascertain the presence of a cyst through a pelvic examination. He or she may further recommend other tests depending on the size and location of the cysts.
In this procedure, a specialized instrument is used to produce an image of the entire reproductive system.
CA 125 Blood Test
This is recommended for women who are at risk of ovarian cancer.
This is a minimally invasive procedure performed by inserting a specialized tool through an incision made in the abdominal region to check the ovaries
Treatment of Ovarian Cysts
Depending on the size and current infertility issues, ovarian cysts treatment in India is provided. The following are the options;
- Oral Medications
These include hormonal medications such as birth control pills, to prevent the development of new cysts and also lower your risks of ovarian cancer
Large ovarian cysts can best be treated through a surgery one of which is a laparoscopy. A laparoscopy is performed as earlier explained under local anesthesia
In the case of cancerous cysts, a specialized surgeon is preferred to remove the cysts, but it may require the entire reproductive system to be removed (Fallopian tubes, uterus, and the ovaries).
The treatment urgency plus the Ovarian Cysts Treatment Cost in India depends on the prevailing symptoms, size, type (cancerous or not) and infertility.