Asthenozoospermia: Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention
How To Understand Asthenozoospermia!
Asthenozoospermia or asthenospermia refers to poor sperm motility. Motility basically means the ability of the sperm cells to swim or move as they ought to. Asthenozoospermic cases are diagnosed when the forward progression of sperm is 50% (Grade a + b) or rapid progression is 25% (Grade a).
For fertilization to occur, sperms must swim or complete a treacherous journey right from the vagina to the Fallopian tubes where fertilization occurs. There is a major competition between the sperms, and only the fastest and healthiest can fertilize the released ovum. In case of poor sperm motility, the sperms will struggle to meet the egg and this definitely reduces a man’s odds of fatherhood.
What Causes Asthenozoospermia Or Poor Sperm Motility?
The exact cause of Asthenozoospermia is unknown, but fertility experts believe that the following can trigger poor sperm motility in men;
- Testicular injury and disease
- Sperm production problems
- Hormonal imbalances
- Sperm antibodies
- Nutrition deficiencies
- Exposure to heat (from saunas, hot tubs, and factories)
- Genitals or urogenital tract infections
Possible Asthenozoospermia Symptoms
How Is Asthenozoospermia Treated?
Asthenozoospermia treatment is tailored depending on the main cause and a man’s lifestyle. Dietary measures, lifestyle changes, and supplements are general approaches to correcting sperm motility.
Your diet should consist of various vitamin sources and high protein foods. Foods rich in Zinc, vitamin C and E will help support healthy sperm development.
- Lifestyle Changes
Habits like alcoholism and smoking must be foregone to correct sperm motility. Similarly, exposure to metals, heat, and chemicals must be prevented as much as possible.
Treating any other underlying problem like infection and varicocele can help improve sperm parameters.
Treating Asthenozoospermia Using Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)
Home Remedies To Improve Your Sperm Motility
- Exercise regularly
- Try to have sex in the morning hours or afternoon hours. Sperm counts are considered higher during these periods
- Sleep for 8 hours on a regular basis
- Try any recommended supplement to boost your sperm motility